The means by which an advertising message is carried to potential customers; including Internet, magazine, newspaper, radio, signage and television.
A term dealing with form, design, and/or quality of construction of a particular sign, building, site or structure, that presents a judgmental statement concerning the level of beauty or artistic value.
1) In accounting terms, this refers to the method in which an intangible asset is depreciated over a specified period of time.
2) In terms relevant to signage and urban planning, it conveys the “grace period” beginning on the date a sign owner is notified that removal of a previously conforming sign has been ordered, and ending on the date removal is required. This process makes a structure, which was legally erected with all permits, legally non-conforming for period of time. After an amortization period, the sign becomes illegal and non-conforming. Amortization has often been found to be a form of regulatory taking. The legality of amortization depends on state law and numerous other conditions, and is frequently unenforceable.
A sign depicting action, motion, light or color changes through electrical or mechanical means. Although technologically similar to flashing signs, the animated sign emphasizes graphics and artistic display.
Annual Average Daily Traffic (Annual ADT):
Measurement representing the total number of vehicles passing a given location each day. These counts can usually be obtained from your State Highway Department.
A building mounted sign that provides additional functionality as shelter.
An illuminated reverse channel letter (open or translucent back) so light from the letter is directed against the surface behind the letter producing a halo lighting effect around the letter. Also referred to as Silhouette lighted or halo lighted.
An electrical device required to operate fluorescent lamps.
A sign composed of lightweight material. Promotional banners include those used to announce open houses and grand openings, make special announcements, or communicate events. Ornamental banners use images or colors of a decorative nature.
A sign located on the seat or back of a bench or seat placed on or adjacent to a public right-of-way. A type of street furniture.
Brand Equity (Branding):
The intangible, but real, value of words, graphics or symbols that are associated with the products or services offered by a business. Developing branding of a site includes the presentation of signage and architecture to create a unique awareness and memory by the potential customer of the products or services offered at that site. Brand equity for a particular business is similar to the goodwill of an enterprise.
State and/or local regulations governing public health, welfare and safety of construction and maintenance.
That portion of any elevation of a building extending vertically from the grade to the top parapet wall or eaves, and horizontally across the entire width of the building elevation, including slanted wall surfaces sometimes referred to as a mansard.
A sign structure consisting of an aluminum box and frame with an acrylic face, typically outlawed as new signs by most cities.
1) A building-mounted sign functioning as a marquee.
2) A sign mounted on a marquee or canopy.
Changeable Copy Panel:
A section of a sign that functions like a changeable copy sign.
Changeable Copy Sign:
A variable message sign composed of individual letters panel-mounted in or on a track system.
Fabricated or formed three-dimensional letter that may accommodate a light source.
Clear glass tubing, coated on the interior surface with phosphorus powder. Coated tubing produces a variety of different light colors, dependent upon the specific mixture of phosphorus powders utilized.
Transparent glass tubing manufactured with color pigments, typically color examples include ruby red, canary yellow, green, and midnight blue.
A sign that is legally installed in accordance with federal, state, and local laws and ordinances.
The characteristics of the sign that enable an observer to differentiate the sign from its surrounding environment.
Time, Place and Manner Regulations: Consistently applicable non-discriminatory sign regulations that specify, without reference to the content of the message, when, how and where a sign can be displayed, with physical standards, such as but not limited to height, size and location, that allow the sign to be readable.
The difference or degree of difference between things having similar or comparable natures, such as light and dark areas, colors, or typefaces.
The words or message displayed on a sign.
Areas that enclose the actual copy on a sign.
Cost Approach (Valuation):
An approach to estimating the value of real property whereby the appraiser determines the production cost of the property, minus any accrued depreciation. This approach does not merely include the hard costs of construction but includes all soft costs such as interest, permits, and fees. In sign appraisal, this concept includes the cost of replacing the message delivered to viewers.
Cost per Thousand (CPM):
Refers to the cost for an advertiser to send a message to 1000 receivers. The measure is calculated by dividing the amount of money spent for a given advertisement by the number of people exposed to it. (Based on this measure, signs are usually considered to be the least expensive form of advertising.)
A marketing term that refers to the percentage of the total market population reached by an advertising message displayed in a given medium; measured at least once a month.
Customer Acquisition Costs:
Basic value calculation used to measure the cost versus return from the presence of signage; the cost of acquiring a customer.
A sign designed, manufactured and installed to meet the requirements of a specific location.
The average number of daily potential exposures to a display or group of signs determined by counting only those vehicles traveling toward the face of the sign, and then multiplying that number by the average number of people per car during the hours the sign is visible. Pedestrian and mass transit circulations are not included. This is the basic measure in establishing cost per thousand exposures on signs. The basic traffic numbers can usually be obtained from your State Department of Transportation.
Similar in detail and use as a raceway except larger in cross section to provide a background area.
A specification description of a letter, logo or symbol, either cut out, cast, molded or fabricated in material such as metal or plastic to create a raised condition.
Signs designed to provide direction to pedestrian and vehicular traffic.
A sign that identifies the names and locations of tenants in a multi-tenant building or in a development made up of a group of buildings.
A sign with two parallel opposing (back-to-back) faces.
A variable message sign that utilizes computer-generated messages or some other electronic means of changing copy. These signs include displays using incandescent lamps, LEDs, LCDs or a flipper matrix.
Exterior Illuminated Sign:
A sign that is illuminated by a light source that is directed towards, and shines on the face of a sign. Also called direct illumination.
The surface area on a sign where advertising copy is displayed.
Fair Market Approach:
One of three appraisal approaches. The highest price at which a property could be sold given a reasonable exposure period in the market. The price is arrived at by a willing seller and willing buyer, neither being under duress to act.
A building mounted sign.
A sign with an intermittent or flashing light source. Generally, the sign’s message is constantly repeated, and the sign is most often used as a primary attention-getting device. Government highway departments frequently use flashing signs to improve highway safety.
Flat Cutout Letter:
A dimensional letter cut from sheet or plate stock.
Fluorescent Lamp or Tube:
Electric-discharge lighting utilizing glass tubing manufactured to standard lengths.
A set of letters, numerals, and shapes, which conform to a specific set of design criteria.
A sign that is not attached to a building.
The average number of times an individual has the opportunity to see an advertising message during a defined period of time. Typically measured over a four-week period.
Front Lighted Letter:
An illuminated channel letter with translucent face.
Full Service Sign Companies:
Sign companies that complete the entire signage project, including surveying, designing, engineering, permitting, manufacturing, installing, and maintaining signs.
The characteristics of letters, numbers, graphics, or symbols that make it possible to differentiate one from the other. See Conspicuity.
A sign labeled to indicate that the manufacturer of the sign is identified in a list published by a National Recognized Testing Laboratory as producing signs in conformance with the applicable American National Standard.
A design that represents goods, identity or service.
A wide variety of typical on-premise sign types located within the interior of a multi-tenant building or mall.
Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD):
This manual establishes minimum standards of placement that a sign must achieve to accomplish readability and conspicuity. The manual covers a range of traffic control devices; specifically signs, which it breaks into three categories-guide signs, warning signs, and directional signs. It is based on the principle that signage deficiencies cause traffic accidents.
A permanent canopy often of metal and glass projecting over an entrance.
1) a sign mounted on a permanent canopy
2) a traditional industry term for the variable message section of a canopy sign,
3) an integral sign and permanent canopy.
A variable message sign that allows a retailer to list products and prices. For example, the bill of fare for a fast food restaurant.
The area within the sign panel describing the limits of the message.
An electronically or mechanically variable message sign enabling changes to be made from locations other than at the sign. (See also variable message sign.)
A portable sign mounted on a trailer.
A ground sign with low overall height. (See freestanding sign.)
A sign manufactured utilizing neon tubing, which is visible to the viewer.
Electric discharge, cold cathode tubing manufactured into shapes that form letters, parts of letters, skeleton tubing, outline lighting, and other decorative elements or art forms, in various colors and diameters and filled with inert gases.
National Electric Sign Association, the previous name of the International Sign Association (ISA).
Any sign that is not appurtenant to the use of the property, a product sold, or the sale or lease of the property on which it is displayed, and that does not identify the place of business as purveyor of the merchandise, services, etc., advertised upon the sign. Also known as Outdoor Advertising.
A communication device whose message and design relates to a business, an event, goods, profession or service being conducted, sold or offered on the same property as there the sign is erected.
Open Channel Letter:
A dimensional letter that has no face and, if illuminated with the light source visible. A clear face for physical protection of internal components may be used.
A dimensional letter that is constructed with side walls, back and a face making the letter a solid integral unit with the side walls and back having a pan-shaped cross section.
A plastic sign face molded into a three dimensional shape. Also called molded face, molded and embossed face, molded and debossed face.
A sign mounted on top of the parapet of a building. (See building mounted sign.)
A sign attached to a building, structure, or the ground in a manner that enables the sign to resist environmental loads, such as wind, and precludes ready removal or movement of the sign.
Signage that advertises a product at its point of sale, or “point of purchase” location.
Pole or Pylon Cover:
An enclosure for concealing and/or for decorating poles or other structural supports of a ground sign.
POP (Point of Purchase):
Signage that advertises a product at its point of purchase.
A sign not permanently attached to the ground or building, with a power-cord for connection to an electrical source, and readily removable using ordinary hand tools.
Post and Panelro Sign:
An unlighted sign fabricated by using one or more visible posts to support the sign body.
A building mounted sign with the faces of the sign perpendicular to the building fascia.
A letter or logo cut out of a backing material that is as thick or thicker than the sign face material, and mounted on the inside of the sign face so that the backing material’s thickness extends flush with or through and beyond the front plane of the sign face.
A freestanding sign with visible support structure or with the support structure enclosed with a pole cover.
An electrical enclosure that may also serve as a mounting structure for the sign.
Readability (Also conspicuity.):
The quality that enables the observer to correctly perceive the message. In transportation engineering, this word is being replaced by conspicuity.
In signage, this refers to the ability of a viewer to remember the message even when they are not viewing it.
Refers to the ability of a viewer to identify the message.
A sign having the primary purpose of conveying information concerning rules, ordinances or laws.
A framing member mounted around the perimeter of a sign face, and attached to the sign cabinet structure. It is designed to attach the face to the cabinet and/or intended to provide a decorating trim piece.
The sides of a channel letter or dimensional letter.
An indented detail on a sign.
Reverse Channel Letter:
A fabricated dimensional letter with metal face and side walls with a hole back.
A building mounted sign erected on the roof of a building.
The profile of the most desired consumer prospects for a product or service, listed by characteristics such as demography, lifestyle, brand or media consumption, purchase behavior, etc. This is common to all media.
Any sign not intended for permanent installation, such as banners and signs at construction sites. They may be incidental or miscellaneous in nature, such as political and real estate signs.
Time and Temperature Display:
A variable message sign which displays current time and temperature in a stationary or alternating manner. Some also display simple messages.
Time, Place and Manner Regulations:
Consistently applicable non-discriminatory sign regulations that specify, without reference to the content of the message, when, how and where a sign can be displayed, with physical standards, such as but not limited to height, size and location, that allow the sign to be readable.
Used by a business to distinguish itself and its products from the competition. A trademark may include a name, symbol, word or combination of those. Protected by the federal government and considered to have financial value. The circled “R” or “Reg. T.M.” printed with the mark indicates that it is a registered trademark.
The recording of the vehicles and pedestrians passing a given point, usually in a day.
Electrical equipment that converts input voltage and current to a different output voltage and current.
Caliber Signs & Imaging is a full-service sign and graphics company based in Irvine, California. We offer a complete package approach for all your sign and graphics needs. We specialize in custom requirements for commercial building signage, vehicle wraps, interior office signage, trade show displays, promotional banners & flags, and large size wall graphics serving business and non-profit organizations across the United States.
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